There is too much suffering and injustice for there to be a god

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Parent debateThis argument is used in the debate Does God exist?.
Argument againstThis argument is a “con” argument in the debate Does God exist?.
Keywords: God, Evil, Suffering[ edit ].


Evil is often synonymous with undeserved and unjust suffering: the victims who die in terrorist attacks or concentration camps, the victims of natural disasters, and so on.

Throughout history, we have seen innocent victims, not only of misfortunes brought about by human will (wars, genocide, crimes etc.), but also of misfortunes deriving from natural forces (tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, epidemics etc.).

So not only is man a wolf to man, but nature spares no one, and both the just and the unjust are struck down. This shows an indifferent universe, following its own course and obeying implacable laws. There is no room in this configuration for a God of love or mercy, concerned with human beings and their destiny, which is subject to chance.



Arguments forJustifications

  • Argument forHuman life is absurd
  • Argument forThe suffering of the innocent contradicts God's goodness
  • Argument forAnimal suffering is unjust
  • Argument forHistory has no meaning
  • Argument forNature is cruel
  • Argument forGod's representatives on earth don't always lead by example
  • Argument forThe suffering of newborn babies is unfair

Arguments againstObjections

  • Argument againstGod is not all-powerful
  • Argument againstGod permits evil because of freedom
  • Argument againstGod needs conflict to advance his plan in history
  • Argument againstGod did not create evil, which exists from all eternity.
  • Argument againstGod, in evolution, needs conflict to become self-aware
  • Argument againstEvil is due to a cosmic accident unforeseen by God
  • Argument againstEvil is an illusion
  • Argument againstThe existence of evil is the punishment inflicted by God
  • Argument againstOur world is the best of all possible worlds
  • Argument againstEvil contributes to a greater good
  • Argument againstGod is not good
  • Argument againstMan does not have to judge God
  • Argument againstThe existence of evil is a mystery
  • Argument againstNatural evil allows God to communicate a message to mankind
  • Argument againstThe harm suffered in this life will be compensated for in the afterlife.
  • Argument againstThe definition of God in this debate implies no morality (Straw Man)

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