God exists because there cannot be an infinite past

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Parent debateThis argument is used in the debate Does God exist?.
Argument forThis argument is a justification of God is the first cause of the universe.
Keywords: Cosmological argument, First cause, God, Past, Infinity, Kalam argument, Proof of God's existence[ edit ].


Atheism has almost always been linked to the idea that the universe is eternal. A universe suddenly appearing implies an absolute beginning, which is difficult to understand and points to the idea of a Creator God.


“If the world has always existed, an infinite number of days have preceded it. But we can't go through infinity. So we would never have reached the present day, which is obviously false.”

Saint Bonaventure (according to Thomas Aquinas), Summa Theologica.



Arguments forJustifications

  • Argument forThe Borde-Guth-Vilenkin theorem (2003) demonstrates that there is no infinite past.

Arguments againstObjections

  • Argument againstThere is no first instant of time
  • Argument againstThe universe has no beginning
  • Argument againstThe kalam argument commits the same error as Zeno in his paradox
  • Argument againstThe kalam's reasoning is only valid for a finite time.
  • Argument againstThe presentation of the kalam argument is misleading
  • Argument againstThe question of a finite or infinite past neither proves nor disproves the existence of God.

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